Panait Istrati was a Romanian working class writer, who wrote in French and Romanian, In Istrati’s story Kyra Kyralina (or Chira Chiralina) was published with a preface by Rolland. It became the first in his Adrien Zograffi literary cycle. Panait Istrate was born in the Danube port Braila in Romania, on 11 August to Joita Istrate, Codin si Chira Chiralina (novel “Chira Chiralina”). Chira Chiralina este o nuvela scrisa de Panait Istrati n limba franceza si tradusa in limba , Chira, in toate limbile in care se afla tradusa, a mers in.
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Istrati was first noted for the depiction of one homosexual character in his work. He then earned his living as an apprentice to a tavern -keeper, then as a pastry cook and peddler. In the meantime, he was a prolific reader.
He went to BucharestIstanbulCairoNaplesParis —and Switzerland where he settled for a while, trying to cure his tuberculosis. Istrati’s travels were marked by two successive unhappy marriages, a brief return to Romania in when he tried to earn his living as a hog farmerand long periods of vagabondage.
Living chiralija misery, ill and depressed, he attempted suicide in on his way to Nicebut his life was rescued in time. Shortly before the attempt, he had written to Romain Rollandthe French writer he admired most and with whom he had long tried to get in touch.
Rolland received the letter through the Police and immediately replied.
It became the first in his Adrien Zograffi literary cycle. The next major work by Istrati was the novel Codine. Istrati shared the leftist ideals of Rolland, and, as much as his mentorplaced his hopes in the Bolshevik vision.
In he visited the Soviet Union on the anniversary of the October Revolutionaccompanied by Christian Rakovsky during the first stage of the journey Chhira was Soviet ambassador to Paris, and by then already falling out of favor with Joseph Stalin. He travelled through large sections of the European part, witnessing celebrations in Moscow and Kiev. He was joined in Moscow by his future close friend, Nikos Kazantzakis ; while in the city, Panait Istrati met Victor Serge and expressed his wish to become a citizen of the Soviet Union.
He and Kazantzakis wrote Stalin a congratulatory letter that remained unanswered.
Panait Istrati (Author of Kyra Kyralina)
In —29, after a tumultuous stay in Greece where he was engaged in fights with the police and invited to leave the countryhe went again to the Soviet Union. Istrati dealt with the mounting persecution of Old Bolsheviks and the gradual victimization of whole population groups.
His views were also harshly made clear in two letters he sent to the GPU leadership in December Thereafter, he suffered a crisis of conscience mainly due to being branded a ” Trotskyist ” or even a ” Fascist ” by his former communist friends, the most violent of which proved to be Henri Barbusse. Rolland had praised Istrati’s letters to the GPU, but he nonetheless chose to stay clear of the controversy.
Istrati came back to Romania ill and demoralised, was treated for tuberculosis in Nice, then returned to Bucharest. The political opinions Istrati expressed after his split with Bolshevism are rather ambiguous.
As such, Istrati became associated with the group’s leader Mihai Stelescuwho had been elected as a member of Parliament for the Iron Guard in and whose dissidence was the reason for his brutal assassination by the Decemviri later in the same year; Istrati was himself assaulted several times by pajait Guard’s squads. He was buried in Bellu Cemetery.
This list and many of Istrati’s works are on Wikisource. While in the Soviet Union, Istrati wrote a screenplay based on his own work entitled, The Banditsa project that was never completed. Kira Kiralina was filmed in as a Soviet silent film.
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Panait Istrati – Wikipedia