Enoturystyka jako forma turystyki kulturowej (definicje, profil odbiorców). Wśród różnych form . Obecnie w Europie winnice zajmują obszar 5 mln ha, a na świecie około 8 mln ha. Winogrona .. Geografia atrakcji turystycznych. Proksenia. Kruczek, Zygmunt. Overview . Europa: zarys geografii turystycznej by Zygmunt Kruczek(Book) 7 editions published between and in Polish and. Zygmunt Kruczek at Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego im. Quantity and structure of international tourism traffic in Europe, incomes from tourism. ZNACZENIE SZLAKÓW KULTUROWYCH DLA ROZWOJU TURYSTYKI odgrywają ogromną rolę w kształto-waniu geografii ruchu turystycznego, umożliwiają identyfikacje.

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Log In Sign Up. He specializes in research on tourist attractions, regional aspects of the geography of tourism, tourism promotion and information as well as in research on tourist cadres. Author, co-author turystyvzna editor of the monograph: An important problem for the development of tourism in the polar regions is the determination of the limit of tourist traffic that these regions can accept, without risking the degradation of the environment.

One such region is One such region is Antarctica. This article describes the environmental conditions of Antarctica that decide its attractiveness for tourists, as well as its political and legal status. The factors that determine a tourist reception area of increasing intensity are analyzed. Based on the data of the International Association of Antarctic Tour Operators IAATOthe volume of tourist traffic was determined, and environmental problems identified, which result from tourism development in Antarctica.

Kruczek, Zygmunt

The model of R. By the middle of the second decade of the 21 st century, the number of tourists in the Antarctic region exceeded 40 thousand, which seems to be the largest figure the ” boom phase ” in the Butler cycle in sheer numbers, and which resulted in the introduction of less tourist-friendly behavior, from the point of view of environmental protection.

On the basis of IAATO data, the environmental problems that are a consequence of the development of tourism in Eurppa are identified. Reference is made to climate change affecting the area, and on the basis of the Butler cycle, the hypothetical limits of the further development of tourism are described.

Tourism StudiesSustainable Developmenteiropa Antarctica. Geography and Tourism Studies. Problemy pomiaru i szacowania frekwencji w polskich atrakcjach geografix more.

Geography and Cultural Tourism. The oldest oil fi eld in the world, located in the Polish Carpathian Mountains, is ending its production activity. Former mines and distilleries have become technological heritage sites, and many structures are in need of revitalisation Former mines and distilleries have become technological heritage sites, and many structures are in need of revitalisation. Post-industrial tourism presents an opportunity for rescuing industrial heritage and protecting kruczzek natural environment.

The authors concentrate on the possibilities of using oil routes for post-industrial tourism as a means to revitalise post-industrial sites and ensure sustainable development for the region. The planned routes will be registered in the European Industrial Heritage Routes system. A SWOT analysis was conducted for the Carpathian oil route, and attention was drawn to the benefi turtstyczna for the natural environment and local communities resulting from the creation of tourist routes.

Cultural Tourism and Sustainable Tourism. Tourist Guidance in Poland after Deregulation. New Challenges and Opportunities for Young more. Together with the changes which are currently taking place in world tourism, the social and professional roles of tourist guides are also undergoing a process of gradual transformation.

In the article, the author discusses the changes In the article, the author discusses the changes taking place in tourism and tries to identify the consequences which these changes have on tourist guidance and tour management; he also presents the models of functioning of tourist guidance in world tourism and presents the main principles of associated with the certification of tour managers and tourist guides in Poland.


A tourist product is a complex category, and its individual elements fulfill various functions. One distinguishes many different categories of tourist product; one of them is the service of a tourist guide and tour leader. In the majority of cases this category of tourist product is added to the product created by the organizer of tourism which is a product-event trip, holiday, rallies, raft or canoe rides.

In the article the author discusses the structure of the tourist product and points to the role that tourist guides and tour leaders play in the process of shaping the quality of the regional tourist product.

The author discusses the role and tasks of the tourist guides as well as the factors determining the occurrence of the tourist guide service within the structure of the regional tourist product.

He also points to the unfavourable changes in the product quality of tourist guiding and tour leadership, associated with duropa deregulation of the profession of tourist guide and to Tourism in Europe and European Union. Structure, trends and prediction of development more. Characteristic of Europe as geografla biggest travel market in the world. Quantity and structure of international tourism traffic in Europe, incomes from tourism. Generating tourism traffic by European countries.

Tourism potential of countries Tourism potential of countries in European Union. Tourist regions in Europe. Analyze of existing delimitations, attempt of isolation of regions, sub regions and tourism areas. General trends and tendencies in European tourism. Forecasts of tourism development for Europe. Exotic cultural tourism trends, tour operators, participants more.

The text touches upon the issue of the specific character of exotic trips as well The text touches upon the issue of the specific character of exotic trips as well as the rules for organizing such trips. It also draws a profile of the tourist planning to take such a trip and it identifies the most important tour operators, indicating the ten most important in the national exotic trip tour operator market.

The participation of disabled persons in tourists trips is a constantly growing phenomenon. Disabled persons appear more and more frequently turystyczma groups of tourists that are being looked after by tourist guides and tour leaders. In turydtyczna article the authors present the organizational conditionings which relate to taking care of such groups, the preparation of geoggrafia personnel to such work and the necessary technical conditions that have to be fulfilled.

The article also presents the fundamental principles of the work of tourist guides and tour leaders with groups of handicapped tourists. The methodological principles refer to the main groups of disability, i. The market of health tourism is changing which calls for adjusting the product to the expectations of spa clients and widening the range of available services. The Marketing Strategy of the The Marketing Strategy of the Klodzko Land, Orlickie Mountains and Podorlicka Foothills has mapped out the directions of development of the eurpoa product.

They also kruczsk what impact the above changes exert on the competitiveness of the spa region. Between Attraction and Tourist Trap. Cultural Tourism Dilemmas in the 21st Century more. The subject of this article is tourist attractions, which are the main objective of the contemporary tourist excursion. Among the millions of attractions that have come to be over the utrystyczna few years, there are those whose task is merely to take money from tourists; they have no aesthetic or cultural value, and are not authentic sights.

Methods and Tools for Researching Tourist Attractions more. Research on tourist attractions is of massive importance to the development of tourism, and in particular to the creation of new tourism products, as well as efficient attraction management. The article includes an overview of the methods The article includes an overview of the methods and tools used in research on tourism attractions.


Basic methods of research of visitors to attractions were discussed as well as the marketing methods used in the study of tourist attractions, research tools and examples of their use were indicated. The goal of the present work is to evaluate the suitability of the Mystery Shopping MS method in assessing the quality of tourist attractions.

The MS method has been applied to assess the quality of the tourism product offered by The MS method has been applied to assess the quality of lruczek tourism turystycznz offered by museums krucaek Krakow, as they are the most important tourist attractions of the city, which itself is a widely known centre of cultural tourism in Europe.

The MS assessment carried out by a team of auditors using a special-purpose krucze, gauging 40 features under analysis concerned seven component parts of a museum its surroundings, entrance, exhibits, shop, gastronomic facilities, lavatories, promotion.

The results of the survey were used in preparing a ranking for the museums of Krakow. It has been proven turystyczzna on a statistical interpretation that the MS method is useful in assessing the quality of services rendered at tourist attractions. The identification of gaps will enable the mus Tourism Studies and Tourism. Tourist attractions are the main feature of a tourism product. In the following work, the authors have attempted to use R. Turysyczna to geograffia cycles of development are isolated, the collapse of tourist attendance in the mines being caused by external factors geograia collapse of the tourism market in the s and the flooding of the walkways in Tourist geogrzfia constitute the main element of a tourist product.

The Salt Mine at Wieliczka is the most frequently visited and best commercialized tourist attraction in Poland. It is the unique mining location in the world and is This paper presents the operation of the Salt Mine at Wieliczka as a complex tourist enterprise.

Particular gurystyczna has been paid to the organization, forms and tools used for its promotion.

Zygmunt Kruczek | University of Physical Education in Cracow –

Because of the range of promotional krucsek used the geografiq is presented as a model of effective promotion. Among various conditions for the development of modern tourism, tourist attractions play a key role: Gunn and Rusk 1 mention them as the main element of the whole system in addition to transport, tourist services, information and ma Development and Globalization more. The latter ones attract over million visitors worldwide. The author presents their The author presents their development and rankings, according to the number of visitors in the year Top 25 euro;a the world, and Top 20 in Europe.

The analysis focuses on the developmental trends and the ongoing process of globalization. The process of creation and operation of amusements parks has been illustrated on the example of the Euro Disney Resort, whereas the process of globalization has been shown on the example of the operation of the world leader in the sphere of amusement parks — the Walt Disney corporation.

Current Trends in the Development of Tourist Attractions more.

Tourism Studies and Education. In the article, the authors take on the controversial topic of sex tourism by describing the ethical and not only ethical conditions of this phenomenon. The starting point is to attempt to define the phenomenon as defined by gegrafia