The intellectual and social theorist Yukichi Fukuzawa wrote An Encouragement of Learning (–) as a series of pamphlets while completing his critical. The intellectual and social theorist Yukichi Fukuzawa wroteAn Encouragement of Learning() as a series of pamphlets while completing his critical. First print of “An Encouragement of Learning” (), written by Fukuzawa Yukichi and Obata Tokujirō. Between.
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Columbia University Press, The author, Yukichi Fukuzawafounded Keio University, one of the highest-ranked private schools in Japan, and his portrait appears on the 10, yen bill.
An Encouragement of Learning by Yukichi Fukuzawa (1 star ratings)
As such, this book and its author are very familiar to Japanese audiences. Ov, it is a challenge to review this famous book as a work of philosophy of education.
In fact, major encyclopedias describe Fukuzawa as an Enlightenment thinker, Japanese author, or publisher rather than an educational philosopher. The publication of this new English translation by Columbia University Press offers an opportunity to reexamine his work.
Learning issues forth in practice. Fukuzawa had, however, little direct historical connection to American Pragmatism, living a little earlier than John Dewey An Encouragement of Learning yukici actually a collection of 17 disparate articles written from to Tomita,p. Fukuzawa is often thought to be a major champion of Western ideals in Japan. He was indeed influenced by the United States and European countries through his global travels and his study of Western literature, but his observations of Western countries were rather critical:.
The civilization of the West is of course to be admired… it would be better not to believe at all than to do so superficially. Masafumi Tomitaanother Fukuzawa scholar and an honorary doctor of Keio University, sees the main question of the book as: The governments of the past used force, but the present regime uses both force and intelligence.
In contrast to the former, the latter is rich in techniques of controlling the people.
Past governments deprived the people of power; the present regime robs them of their minds. Past governments controlled men externally, the present regime controls their internal life as well. The former was a devil to the people, the latter is now a god. For Fukuzawa, education was a key means of achieving this independence. His approach was, again, reminiscent of pragmatism: As a critical yikichi theorist, Fukuzawa was suspicious any kind of authority.
Fukuzawa Yukichi – Wikipedia
This is not to say that Fukuzawa opposed Japanese tradition for being unscientific, nor should he be taken as fully embracing Western culture for its emphasis on modern science. His criticism focused on both Western and Chinese scholars who were encouragenent to the authorities. He was particularly critical of sentimental historical narratives, which glorify death as expressing loyalty to the ruling powers.
He necouragement that there are three ways for ordinary citizens to respond to authority. Secondly, they may resist the government by force of arms.
For Fukuzawa, education is what gives people the courage to take the third way. He was asked by a feudal domain to go and buy American firearms.
However, he spent almost all of the allocated funds on books, and returned the rest. He explained that he had seen many firearms, but that he did not have the professional knowledge necessary to know which ones to buy Tomita,p. Visit our Book Reviews page for more reviews, and encohragement interviews with the authors here. He was indeed influenced by the United States and European countries through his global travels and his study of Leatning literature, but his observations of Western countries were rather critical: Home Publications Book Review: An Encouragement of Learning.
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