In this political backdrop, Rabindranath Tagore, whose th birthday is on May 7, set one of his best-known novels, Ghare Baire (The Home. Ghare Baire is a novel by Rabindranath Tagore. The book illustrates the battle Tagore had with himself, between the ideas of Western. Ghore Baire is a most popular (Famous) book of Rabindranath Tagore. Just click & download. If you want to read online, please go to (✅Click For Read Online).
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The book illustrates the battle Tagore had with himself, between the ideas of Western culture and revolution against the Western culture.
These two ideas are portrayed in two of the main characters, Nikhil, who is rational and opposes violence, and Sandip, who will let nothing stand in his way from reaching his goals.
These two opposing ideals are very important in understanding the history of the Bengal region and its contemporary problems. There is much controversy over whether or not Tagore was attempting to represent Gandhi with Sandip. This is owing to Gyorgy Lukacs’s review of the novel in the Berlin periodical, Die rote Fahne that is typically translated into English as “Tagore’s Gandhi Novel”  where he makes this mistaken suggestion. The novel could not have been based on Gandhi as it was published in and written before when Gandhi had just moved to India from South Africa and was not a known political figure.
Gandhi gained political prominence in India in the context of the Khilafat movement ofwhich was long after the novel’s publication, and took over the leadership of the Indian National Congress in The novel was translated into English by the author’s nephew, Surendranath Tagorewith input from the author, in The novel is set in early 20th century India.
The story line coincides with the National Independence Movement taking place in the country at the time, which was sparked by the Indian National Congress. There were various national and regional campaigns with both militant and non-violent ideas which all had the common goal of ending British colonial rule.
Militant nationalism had a strong showing in the early part of the 20th century, especially during the World War I period. Some examples of this movement are the Indo-German Pact and the Ghadar Conspiracyboth of which failed. Particularly important to the novel is an understanding of the Swadeshi movement as a part of the Indian Nationalist Movement. The Swadeshi movement started in response to the Partition of Bengal by Viceroy Lord Curzonwhich temporarily separated Hindus and Muslims into different geographical areas.
The Swadeshi movement was a successful resistance policy against British colonisation. Indian citizens were encouraged to boycott British goods to foster Indian identity and independence. This movement was important in fostering “the new spirit in India,” and separating India from Britain, which was largely thought to be responsible for the subsequent widespread poverty. Family structures in traditional India consists of not only the nuclear family but also grandparents, parents-in-law, and unmarried sisters-in-law as well.
Though the joint-family is linked to ancient India, it is still prevalent in modern-day India. Traditionally, baby boys were preferable to baby girls since boys were able to earn money and support the family, whereas girls were expensive to raise. In addition to being unable to work for a living, the girl’s marriage dowry required a hefty amount of money and other luxury goods such as valuable jewelry and saris.
Once girls were married off to the other families, they would have to address their new parents-in-law as “father” and “mother”. As home maker of the family, the wife’s duty was to supervise the household and take care of the children, rabindranatu well as to please her new in-laws.
The Home and the World tells us not only of the personal struggles of the three main characters, but also little details of the family structure balre what traditional Indian households were like.
At the opening of the novel, Bimala is a traditional, obedient house wife who is faithful to her husband, even forcing herself to be respectful towards her nagging sister-in-law.
However, as she falls “in love” with Sandip, baier slowly weans herself from her traditional housewife role. She becomes more daring, more confidently brushing off her sister-in-law’s criticisms, crossing outside the women’s quarter of the house, and easily conversing with a man, Sandip, who is not her husband. Through her change from the good house wife to rabineranath independent, more modern woman.
Nikhil is seen and described as an educated and gentle man.
He is from kulin aristocratic family of landlords, and his family prides themselves in beautiful women. However, Nikhil is different in that he married not only a poor woman, but also one who was not particularly attractive. He is also unpopular in the town because he has not joined them stating, “I am not running yhare crying Bande Mataram. Bimala is the wife of Nikhil. She is described as not very pretty and from a much more humble background than Nikhil.
She loves her husband dearly, and enjoys being completely devoted to him.
Ghare Baire by Rabindranath Tagore: a review
At the beginning of the novel, she seems to be confined to the traditional female role, and has no thoughts of entering the real world, even with persuasion from her husband.
Her feelings make a rapid change with the occurrence of the Swadeshi movement, due to Sandip’s radical influence. Sandip is the third major character in the novel, completing the love triangle.
He is a guest in the home of Nikhil and Bimala and his revolutionary ideas and speeches have a significant impact on Bimala. He is very vocal in his anti-imperialistic views and is a skilled orator. Sandip represents characteristics that are directly opposite to those Nikhil possesses, thus drawing Bimala to Sandip. Bimala gets caught up in the ideas that Sandip presents as well as the man himself.
Her seemingly increasing patriotism causes her to spend more and more time with Sandip, thereby solidifying the love triangle conflict. Sandip’s first name is translated to “with dipa light fire flame “. Bara Rani is Bimala’s sister in law. Her relationship with Bimala is strained at best. She causes a lot of tension in the household.
She also uses Nikhil to get the material items that she desires. Bimala constantly complains about her to Nikhil. Bara Rani taunts Bimala for her mingling with Sandip Babu. Bimala considers Amulya to be her adoptive son, whom she met from the Swadeshi Movement. When first they meet, Bimala asks him to acquire money for their cause. He lists wild schemes and plans, to which Bimala replies “you must not be childish” After pondering their situation, Amulya resolves to murder the cashier for the money.
Tagore uses him to symbolise the raw emotion and passion, yet lack of sympathy for others often encompassed by group or riot mentality.
Inside Outside: Translation of Ghare Baire by Rabindranath Tagore (2 star ratings)
Amulya struggles, as any youth, between completing the goals of the movement and developing strong relationships on an individual level, such as with Bimala; this is made extremely difficult by Sandip’s powerful influence. Near the beginning of the novel, Nikhil brings his wife Bimala to a political rally in an attempt to get her to join the outside world and get in touch better with “reality.
This event not only changes her opinion of Sandip, but affects her entire outlook on her life both at home and in the outside world. Towards the end of the book Sandip convinces Bimala to steal from her husband, Nikhil. While in the act of stealing 6, rupees, she comes to a realisation of the terrible crime she is committing, “I could not think of my house as separate from my country: I had robbed my house, I had robbed my country.
For this sin my house had ceased to be mine, my country also was estranged from me” This represents a character turning point for Bimala: While in the act of thieving, she realises that Sandip is not only corrupting and robbing the nation, but encouraging her and others to do the same.
Ultimately, she ends up giving the money to Sandip and receives unceasing praise from both Sandip and Amulya for her newly recognised sin. However, Bimala realises that she has made a mistake by stealing the money from Nikhil and attempts to have Amulya pawn off some of her jewellery to replace the money. Amulya attempts to give the box back, but Sandip steals it and gives it back himself. This event allows both Amulya and Bimala to see that Sandip is concerned only with himself, thus allowing them to break free from part of his web.
It is during this time that Bimala realises her power over Sandip by being able to easily make him jealous. While the entire novel centres around the Swadeshi movement, the author of the novel is not advocating it but rather warning his audience of the dangers of such a movement.
Tagore knows that it is possible for even a seemingly peaceful movement to turn quickly into aggressive nationalism. Such a change would do the country more harm than good. The character named Sandip is the vivacious and ardent leader of Swadeshi.
He knows that his movement has the potential to turn ugly. He fervently believes however that freedom must be achieved no matter the cost.
Ghare-Baire: Bimala’s Transgression Of Boundaries Between The Home And The World
The story tells of the Hindu Lord Krishna advising Arjuna to perform his duty as a warrior regardless of the result. Sandip’s use of the Hindu epic poetry tagre support his movement illustrates the tendency of individuals to use religion as a basis for nationalism. The use of excerpts from the Indian epic poem was indicative of the blending traditional elements of Indian culture with the ideals and goals of modern Indian Independence movement.
As both have the potential to yield individuals claiming an unshakable fervor for their cause, this can be a rather dangerous combination, a fact clearly acknowledged by the novel’s author. Nationalism is also expressed through the rejection of foreign goods, which was a part baie the Swadeshi movement. Sandip was strongly against the sale of foreign goods as Bimala stated that “Sandip laid it down that all foreign articles, together with the demon of foreign influence, must be driven out of our territory” Nikhil on the other hand felt the opposite.
He stated that in terms of banishing foreign goods from his Suskar market that he “could not do it” and he refused to “tyrannize” Bimala even pleaded with her husband to “order them to be cleared out! She also stated that banishing foreign goods “would not be tyranny for selfish gain, but for the sake of the country” As the title suggests, a major theme is the relationship of the home with the outside world.
Nikhil enjoys the modern, western goods and clothing and lavishes Bimala with them. However, Bimala, in the Hindu tradition, never goes outside of the house complex. Her world is a clash of western and traditional Indian life. She enjoys the modern things that Nikhil brings to her, but when Sandip comes and speaks of nationalism with such fire, she sees these things as a threat to her way baaire life.
Bimala’s struggle is with identity. She is part of the country, but only knows the home and her home is a mix of cultures. She is torn between supporting the ideal of a country that she knows she should love, or working toward ensuring that her home, her whole world, is free from strife and hgare her husband like a traditional Indian woman should.
Bimala is forced to try to understand how her traditional life can mix with a modern world and not be undermined. This theme ties in with the nationalism theme because it is another way that Tagore is warning against the possibility that nationalism can do more harm than good. Nikhil and Sandip have extremely different views for the growth of the nation.
Nikhil demonstrates these beliefs in marrying Bimala, a woman considered “unattractive” barie a result of her dark skin color. In the novel, Nikhil talks about disliking an intensely patriotic nation, “Use force?