I can remember well one of my first conversations with a Muslim. One of the first things he did was to accuse the Church of suppressing the Gospel of Barnabas. This bible/injil is believed to be written by Barnabas, an apostle of Jesus/Yeshua/ Isa. Although it has been hidden for a long while, thanks to the Creator, it is. Introduction V. Barnabas in the New Testament vii. Pages. 3. Life and Message of Barnabas x. 4. The Gospel of Jesus. 5. How the Gospel of Barnabas Appendix.
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I can remember well one of my first conversations with a Muslim. One of the first things he did was to accuse the Church of suppressing the Gospel of Barnabas. Maybe you have heard or said something like this yourself? I had never heard of the Gospel of Barnabas so I sat there silently. However I wanted to know whether or not the Gospel of Barnabas was true so a bought a copy from a Muslim bookshop and began to study it.
The following article is a summary of my results. I hope that you find it helpful.
There are two books which carry the name, Barnabas. There is the Gospel of Barnabas and the Epistle of Barnabas. These are two very different books. The Gospel of Barnabas is the book promoted by Muslims today, while the Epistle of Barnabas is an ancient Christian book which teaches about the lordship, death and resurrection of Jesus.
The Epistle of Barnabas is freely available and thoroughly Christian.
The Gospel of Barnabas
The distinction between these two books needs to be understood because sometimes people confuse them; they think that a reference to the Epistle of Barnabas is a reference to the Gospel of Barnabas, but it is not. They are two completely different books.
The Gospel of Barnabas is promoted by Muslims as an original Gospel written by the man named Barnabas who it is claimed was a disciple of Jesus p. Thus they claim it was written by a Jewish man in the 1st century A. If Barnabas really is the author then it is reasonable to expect that he would be familiar with the basic facts oc Jewish life at this time.
We will now consider this book to see if he does. The word Christ gopsel the Greek translation for the Hebrew word Messiah. This word is not an obscure or rarely used word, on the contrary it is one of the most famous words in the Jewish and Christian religions.
There is no doubt that a religious Jew like Barnabas would have been very familiar with this word. At the very start of the Gospel of Barnabas Jesus is called the Christ: God has during these past days visited us by his prophet Jesus Christ p. However, throughout the book Jesus denies being the Messiah: Jesus confessed and said the truth, “I am not the Messiah ” chap.
How can Jesus be the Christ and deny barnabxs the Messiah when both words mean exactly the same thing? Whoever wrote this book did not know the Greek meaning of the word Christ is Messiah.
Barnabas was a Hebrew who lived on the island of Cyprus, a Greek-speaking island, and travelled around the 1st century Greek-speaking world! In chapter 3 we are told that Herod and Pilate both ruled in Judea at the time of Jesus’ birth: This is historically wrong for Herod and Pilate never ruled Judea at the same time. Herod ruled Judea alone from B. In chapters of this book we are told about Jesus sailing to Nazareth malaualam being welcomed by the seamen of that town.
He then leaves Nazareth and goes up to Capernaum:. There is a major error in this account. Nazareth was not a fishing village, in fact it was about 14 km from the sea of Galilee and situated in the hills malayaalm a mountain range!
However the author of this book does baarnabas This casts doubt over the claim that he was a disciple of Jesus. It also make us doubt that he ever lived in that region.
These types of mistakes cast doubt over the claim that it was written by Barnabas in the 1st century. The Gospel of Barnabas overwhelmingly supports the teaching of Islam. However, there are a few rare occasions when it does not.
Marriage in the Qur’an binds a woman to one man but it does not bind a man to one woman. Muslim men are free to have several wives Qur’an 4: However, the Gospel of Barnabas teaches the Biblical barnabs of marriage, that marriage binds a man and a woman equally together:. The Qur’an clearly teaches that Mary had pain when she gave birth to Jesus:. However, the Gospel of Barnabas teaches the opposite: The virgin was surrounded by a light exceeding bright, and brought forth her son without pain chap.
The Qur’an teaches that there are seven heavens: The seven heavens and the earth praise Him Qur’an However the Gospel of Barnabas teaches that there are nine heavens:. The Jubilee year is a celebration commanded by God in the Torah. It was to be observed every fifty years:. In the year A. However the next Pope, Clement VI, changed it back to every 50 years, and so it was celebrated in A.
The author of the Gospel of Barnabas has unknowingly accepted the Pope’s false decree as true and included it in his book. For in the Gospel of Barnabas these words are put on Malayalak lips:.
Dante was a famous and popular poet of the 14th and later centuries. Among Dante’s work is a book of poetry called, The Divine Comedy. Dante describes ascending through nine heavens, with paradise being the 10th.
The author of the Gospel of Barnabas describes, in the same way as Dante, nine heavens before paradise:. It appears that the author of the Gospel of Barnabas could have taken the idea of the nine heavens from reading Dante. The manuscript malayalamm for this book is from after the 14th century.
The oldest copies are written in Italian and Spanish and these are dated from the 15th century A. So far we have seen that the author of the Gospel of Barnabas was not familiar with the language, history or geography of the time of Jesus.
Barnabas – Wikipedia
He also has several 14th century ideas in his book and the manuscript evidence dates from the 15th century onwards.
It therefore is reasonable to conclude that the Gospel of Barnabas was composed in the 14th century A. Is ot a reasonable conclusion?
It seems so because even some Islamic scholars agree with this dating:. The contents of the Dead Sea Scrolls have been public knowledge for many years and you can learn for yourself what scrolls were discovered by going to any major library and reading a book on the subject.
What is common knowledge is that no part of the Gospel of Barnabas has been found among these scrolls. This is an important fact to know because some Muslims have put pictures of the Dead Sea Scrolls on the cover of their editions of the Gospel of Barnabas. This is an attempt to deceive people into thinking that the Gospel of Barnabas in an ancient document.
The book shown to the right is an example of this deceitful behaviour. In many modern editions of the Gospel of Barnabas there is an introduction or appendix entitled, “How the Gospel of Barnabas Survived”. For many people what Rahim has written has convinced them of the antiquity of the Gospel of Barnabas. For this reason I will now examine in detail the evidence he gives.
Rahim makes this claim but you will notice he provides no evidence for it. I am not aware of any evidence, and until some evidence is provided this claim is baseless. Again we see Rahim make a claim but not provide any evidence for it. He claims that the early church theologian, Irenaeus, quoted the gospel of Barnabas as he opposed the Apostle Paul. When this claim is investigated it is found to be false. The writings of Irenaeus are readily available and I have examined them and he never quotes the Gospel of Barnabas.
This is why Rahim cannot refer to where in Irenaeus’ work he quotes the Gospel of Barnabas. Nor is Irenaeus opposed to the Apostle Paul as Rahim claims. In fact he endorsed the Apostle Paul and quotes Paul’s writings as authoritative scripture.
Gospel of Barnabas
Consider what Irenaeus writes:. This claim is total nonsense. None of them were about selecting or rejecting any Gospels.
Nor were there any edicts about executing a person for being “in possession of an unauthorised Gospel”. Rahim’s scholarship is very poor indeed; he seems to be inventing his own evidence. Again Rahim provides no evidence for this serious claim. It is very poor scholarship to make such claims and provide no evidence. I am not aware of any evidence, and until some is provided this claim is baseless. The Acta Sanctorum Acts of the Saints is available in major libraries and the internet.
What the Acta Sanctorum actually says is:. Again we see Rahim’s poor scholarship. In the version of Rahim’s work that is found in the introduction section of the Gospel of Barnabas we read a ridiculous claim. This is total nonsense and again lacks any evidence. The Vulgate Bible is a very famous early translation of the Bible into Latin.