The Holmes-Rahe Life Stress Inventory. The Social Readjustment Rating Scale. INSTRUCTIONS: Mark down the point value of each of these life events that has . History. In , psychiatrists Thomas Holmes and Richard. Rahe examined over patient’s medical records to determine whether stressful events cause. Their results were published as the Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS) [1] , now commonly known as the Holmes and Rahe Stress.

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Holmes and Rahe stress scale

Saul McLeodpublished Each one of the 43 stressful life rabe was awarded a Life Change Unit depending on how traumatic it was felt to be by a large sample of participants.

A total value for stressful life events can be worked out by adding up the scores for each event experienced over a 12 month period.

The total score on the SRRS was recorded for each participant. As Life Change Units increased, so did the frequency of illness.


The researchers concluded that as Life Change Units were positively correlated with illness scores, experiencing life events increased the chances of stress-related health breakdown.

As the correlation was not perfect, life events cannot be the only factor in contributing to illness.

The SRRS does not take individual difference into consideration. The scale assumes that each stressor affects people the same way. Not necessarily true e. Most people experience major life events very infrequently. Therefore a better measure of stress might look at the stresses and strains of daily life.

Holmes- Rahe Stress Inventory – The American Institute of Stress

Kanner et al has designed a Hassles Scale which consists of items, including concerns about gahe things, traffic jams, arguments, disappointments, weight and physical appearance. Kanner et al were interested in investigating whether it is daily hassles, rather than major life events that are the most stressful.

They golmes a item hassles scale and a uplifts scale to examine the relationship between hassles and health. An opportunity sample of American participants, including 52 women and 48 men, all white, well-educated and middle class were asked to circle the events on both scales that they had experienced the previous month and rate each according to severity for the hassles and frequency for the uplifts.


The Holmes-Rahe Stress Inventory

Each participant was tested once a month for ten consecutive months using the two stress measures together with another two psychometric tests for psychological well-being. They found the hassles scale tended to be a more accurate predictor of stress related problems, such as anxiety and depression, than the SRRS.

Uplifts had a positive effect inventorj the stress levels of women, but not men. The social readjustment rating scale. Journal of psychosomatic research, 11, Comparison of two modes of stress measurement: Daily hassles and uplifts versus major life events. Journal of behavioral medicine4 1 Prediction of near-future health change from subjects’ preceding life changes. Journal of Psychosomatic Research14 4 SRRS – stress of life events.