El Cancionero De Juan Alfonso De Baena, Volume 1 (Spanish Edition) [Juan Alfonso de Baena, Pedro José Pidal (marqués de Pidal)] on *FREE *. Cancionero de Baena: reproduced in facsimile from the unique manuscript in the Bibliothèque nationale / Juan Alfonso de Baena ; foreword by Henry R. Lang. The Cancionero de Juan Alfonso de Baena (ca. ) is remarkable as a record not only of the broad spectrum of poetic production in the early Trastamaran.

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Juan Alfonso de Baena?

Cancionero de Baena – Wikipedia

Baena, who was a converso a Jewish convert to Christianityis best known for compiling and contributing to the Cancionero de Baenaan important medieval anthology composed between and containing the poems of over 55 Spanish poets who wrote during the reigns of Enrique II alfons, Juan Iand Enrique IIIand Juan II.

Not much is known of Juan Alfonso de Baena’s life. Montoro was a used-clothes dealer called a ropero who also enjoyed wealthy patrons and used his talent at self-deprecating rhymes that highlighted his unfortunate appearance and Jewish blood. Baena’s hometown baenw responsible for his last name, as it was not uncommon for people to take their last names from their home regions.

This practice was also sometimes utilized by conversos when they took on Christian names. Baena is said to have converted from Judaism to Christianity as a result of the first pogroms inmaking him one of the many conversos who converted during this era. D this poem that references his education and upbringing, Baena writes. After his education in Baena the extent of this education is not knownBaena is said to have worked as a tax collector and bureaucrat during the early years of the 15th century.

Because of these periods of disgrace, which may have resulted from taking his satirical rhymes, that often critiqued court life, too far, Baena appears never to have risen above the title of court scribe, even though his anthology, his Cancionerohas become the most important literary product of Juan II’s court.


After decades spent in and out of favor, acting as royal scribe and secretary while composing his own court writing, Juan Alfonso de Baena died during the later years of Juan II’s reign. While Baena’s death date had long been a mystery, inNieto Cumplido discovered manuscripts that suggest Baena died in Baena’s Jewish heritage can be deduced from his own writings.

In the kind of poems Baena and his fellow court fools wrote, the object was often to alfonsp as self-depreciating as possible with the ultimate goal of making the court, especially the royal family, laugh.

Cancionero de Baena

As judino spelled indino in the original manuscript is a pejorative term for Jew in Spanish, it is evident that even Baena himself admitted to and identified with his heritage, even in formal matters. Also customary for jester-poets like Baena were feuds, called poetic debates, performed for court amusement but sometimes in earnest, among the authors, dueled through fixed-rhymed poems requestas that pit poet against poet that became increasingly absurd insults the longer they went on.

These include references to eggplants, a vegetable that had become a stereotypical identifier of Jewish and Muslim food during this era.

Alconsoor songbooks, were compilations of lyrical poetry most popular during the second half of the 14th century and the first half of the 15th century, though they first appeared in Iberia as early as the beginning of the 13th century in Galicia. The particular Cancionero in question, the one compiled by Baena, consists of poems composed by 56 poets. The Cancionero de Baena signals a transition from Galician-Portuguese to Castilian as the prestige dr of court poetry in Iberia, as the previous such anthologies had been written in Galician-Portuguese.

Canciones de amorpoetic debates, and moralizing texts make up the three main genres of the anthology. It is the first prologue of an anthology to also serve as literary criticism. The only surviving manuscript of the cancionero is housed in the National Library of France in Paris. It is a copy that dates juah approximately20 to 40 years after the original was composed and presented to Juan II.


Indeed, much of his research concludes that the ”Cancionero” that readers are familiar with today was altered by compilers other than Baena, most probably after his death, as the latest poems were composed as late as In the modern era, the cancionero became more easily accessible inwhen it was first published in print canckonero in Madrid in by cancionrro publishers Gayangos and Pidal.

In fact, one of his largest and most interesting pieces is found in this particular cancionero. Called Dezirit is a poem of verses.

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Baena was not only a gifted compiler, poet, and jester, he also composed political works that showed a greater depth altonso knowledge and intellect than previously speculated. And this is what Baena and many others did, seizing every opportunity to make fun of their own Jewish blood and former faith. Here, Baena invokes both Jewish stereotypes and courtly distinctions of high and low classes in a way that can be perceived to mock most obviously, himself, but to a degree the court itself.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved 14 June Editorial Universidad de Sevilla in Spanish.

Juan Alfonso de Baena

University of Pennsylvania Press. The ‘Cancioneros ‘ “. Retrieved 5 June Lectores, ediciones y audiencia: Retrieved 6 June Retrieved 2 June The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics.

Retrieved 8 June Anuario de estudios medievales. Retrieved 20 June Retrieved 12 June Retrieved 19 June Retrieved from ” https: Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This page was last edited on 7 Novemberalfonnso By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.