Journal List · BMJ Clin Evid · v; ; PMC Diagnosis of acute tonsillitis is clinical, and it can be difficult to distinguish viral from. Symptoms of acute tonsillitis include sore throat, difficulty swallowing, fever and fatigue. More frequent tonsil infections can be a real problem. Journal List · GMS Curr Top Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Surg · v; Diagnosis of acute tonsillitis is clinical, but sometimes it is hard to.
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Informed Health Online [Internet]. March 27, ; Last Update: December 1, ; Next update: Sore throats can have a range of causes. Common jjurnal viruses are usually to blame. In rarer cases, sore throats are caused by an infection of the tonsils tonsillitis.
Tonsillitis and sore throat in children
This infection is often bacterial, or sometimes viral. Children and teenagers are much more susceptible to tonsillitis than adults are. Acute tonsillitis starts suddenly and usually goes away again within one to two weeks. But tonsillitis can return several times over the course of a year and may become chronic. In chronic tonsillitis, the bacteria become permanently settled in the tonsils, which are tonsilliits slightly inflamed as a result.
People who have chronic tonsillitis might keep getting acute infections with more severe symptoms too. Having chronic tonsillitis can be a real problem, and may also lead to complications in rare cases.
If it is a viral infection, typical cold symptoms such as a cough or a stuffy nose are likely too. The throat is often inflamed pharyngitis as well, not only the tonsils. Tonsillitis refers to an inflammation that mostly affects the tonsils. It can also cause atypical symptoms, especially in children. These include stomach ache, nausea or vomiting. Bacteria and viruses may be spread through tiny droplets jurhal in other words, when someone who is infected talks or sneezes, droplets containing the germs are released into the air.
Bacterial tonsillitis is mostly caused by a specific type of streptococcus tonzillitis. But not everyone who has these bacteria in their body also ends up getting tonsillitis. Sometimes tonisillitis occurs as a result of scarlet fever, which is also caused by bacteria. Acute tonsillitis symptoms like sore throat and fever will usually go away within one to two weeks without any treatment.
The fever goes away somewhat before the sore throat does. But it may take longer for the swelling of the tonsils to go down. The most common complication is a build-up of pus around the tonsils — known as a peritonsillar abscess or quinsy.
Tonsillitis: Overview – Informed Health Online – NCBI Bookshelf
This may develop if the tonsillitis is caused by bacteriaand can get better again without treatment. But there is a risk of the infection spreading to nearby tissue in the throat and chest area.
This can lead to serious complications, so it is very important to get treatment. It is estimated that quinsy arises in no more than 1 to 10 out of 1, people who see a doctor because they have a sore throat. It is just as rare for tonsillitis to lead to a middle ear infection.
Rheumatic fever is another possible complication of tonsillitis. This involves painful inflammations in several joints tonsilljtis in the heart muscle and valves.
Rheumatic fever used to be much more common. Nowadays it is very rare, at least in industrialized countries.
It is estimated that fewer than 1 out of everychildren in Germany get rheumatic fever each year. Inflammation of the kidneys is also a very rare complication of tonsillitis — it is estimated that 6 out ofchildren are affected each tonsilitis. The doctor usually examines your throat only, and asks about the exact symptoms. A rapid test can be done too.
In Germany, statutory health insurers cover the costs of these tests in children under the age of The test involves using a throat swab to get a sample of secretions from your tonsils.
The sample is checked for streptococcal bacteria. The results are available within just a few minutes. You can get more accurate results by sending a sample to a lab where it is checked for bacteria.
But then you have to wait two or three days to get the results. The main goal of treatment is to relieve symptoms and prevent complications. The following medicines can be used to treat acute tonsillitis:. Antibiotics can make the tonsillitis go away a little sooner. They can also lower the risk of developing complications. But they tonsilllitis side effects too.
Some people relieve their symptoms by sucking on throat lozenges, or using home remedies such as a neck wrap or gargling with salt water or tea. Recurrent tonsillitis can also be treated with painkillers or antibiotics.
The surgical removal of tonsils is a treatment option for people jurnak frequently get tonsillitis.
Tonsillitis and sore throat in children
IQWiG health information is written with the aim of helping people understand the advantages and disadvantages of the main treatment options and health care services. Because IQWiG is a German institute, some of the information provided here is specific to the German health care system.
The suitability of any of the described options in an individual case can be determined by talking to a doctor. We do not offer individual consultations. Our information is based on the results of good-quality studies. It is written by a team of health care professionals, scientists and editors, and reviewed by external experts.
You can find a detailed description of how our health information is produced and updated in our methods. Turn recording back on. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Tonsillitus details Cologne, Germany: Introduction Sore throats can have a range of causes.
Symptoms Typical symptoms of acute bacterial tonsillitis include the following: Causes Bacteria and viruses may be spread through tiny droplets — in other words, when someone who is infected talks jurmal sneezes, droplets containing the germs are released into the air. Outlook Acute tonsillitis symptoms like sore throat and fever will usually go away within one to two weeks without any treatment.
Effects Complications are rare. The following symptoms may be signs of quinsy: Very severe symptoms on only one side of the throat when swallowing. Diagnosis When you jurna a sore throat, a doctor can examine you to try to answer the following questions: How severe is the inflammation? Is there a greater risk of tomsillitis, making treatment with antibiotics necessary? Treatment The main goal tonsilliyis treatment is to relieve symptoms and prevent complications.
The following medicines can be used to treat acute tonsillitis: Medication for relieving pain and lowering fever, tonsjllitis ibuprofen or acetaminophen paracetamol. BMJ Clin Evid Treatment and prevention of streptococcal tonsillopharyngitis. Are sore throat patients who hope for antibiotics actually asking for pain relief?