There are close pathophysiological parallels between kwashiorkor and when it is associated with shock, as if they shared precisely the same pathophysiology. Kwashiorkor results from relative protein deficiency in the setting of adequate energy intake and is characterized by hypoproteinemia, pitting Pathophysiology. Kwashiorkor is a serious form of malnutrition caused by a lack of protein. Learn how to spot this condition and how to prevent it.
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It is a form of malnutrition caused by a lack of protein in the diet. People who have kwashiorkor typically have an extremely emaciated appearance in all body parts except their ankles, feet, and belly, which swell with fluid.
Kwashiorkor is rarely found in the United States and other countries with a generally steady food supply. Most people who are affected by kwashiorkor recover fully if they are treated early. Treatment involves introducing extra calories and protein into the diet. Children who develop kwashiorkor may not grow or develop properly and may remain pathoohysiology for the rest of their lives.
There can be serious complications when treatment is delayed, including comashockand permanent mental and physical disabilities. It can cause major organ failure and eventually death. Kwashiorkor is caused by a lack of protein in the diet. Every cell in your body contains protein.
What Is Kwashiorkor?
You need protein in your diet for your body to repair cells and kwaehiorkor new cells. A healthy human body regenerates cells in this way constantly. Protein is also especially important for growth during childhood and pregnancy. Pathophysioolgy the body lacks kwashiodkor, growth and normal body functions will begin to shut down, and kwashiorkor may develop.
Kwashiorkor is most common in countries where there is a limited supply or lack of food. A limited supply or lack of food is common in these countries pahtophysiology times of famine caused by natural disasters — such as droughts or floods — or political unrest.
A lack of nutritional knowledge and regional dependence on low-protein diets, such the maize-based diets of many South American countries, can also cause people to develop this condition.
This condition is rare in countries where most people have access to enough food and are able to eat adequate amounts of protein. It can also be a sign of an underlying condition, such as HIV. If kwashiorkor is suspected, your doctor will first examine you to check for an enlarged liver hepatomegaly and swelling. Next, blood and urine tests may be ordered to measure the level of protein and sugar in your blood.
Other tests may be performed on your pathopjysiology and urine to measure signs of malnutrition and lack of protein. These tests may look for muscle breakdown and assess kidney function, overall health, and growth. Kwashiorkor can be corrected by eating more protein and more calories overall, especially if treatment is started early. You may first be given more calories in the form of carbohydrates, sugars, and fats.
Once these calories provide energy, you will be given foods with proteins. Foods must be introduced and calories should be increased slowly because you have been without proper nutrition for a long period. Your body may need to adjust to the increased intake. Even with treatment, children who have had kwashiorkor may never reach their full growth and height potential.
If treatment comes too late, a child may have permanent physical and mental disabilities. Kwashiorkor can be prevented by making sure you eat enough calories and protein-rich foods. Children and older adults, the two groups who most commonly experience kwashiorkor as a result of abuse or neglect, will display typical symptoms of the condition.
The most visible symptoms are swelling of the ankles, feet, and belly. In some cases of abuse or neglect, these symptoms may also accompany other signs of mistreatment, such as bruising and broken bones. If you suspect a person is in immediate danger because of abuse or neglect, call right away.
Kwashiorkor and marasmus are forms of undernutrition. Learn the difference between these two conditions. Marasmus is a type of severe malnutrition.
Kwashiorkor: more hypothesis testing is needed to understand the aetiology of oedema
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