An electric arc furnace (EAF) is a furnace that heats charged material by means of an electric arc. Industrial arc furnaces range in size from small units of. Ladle Refining Furnace(LRF) FOR SECONDARY METALLURGY. We are Manufacturer/supplier/exporter of Ladle Refining Furances(LRFs) Technolgy on. Positioned between EAF & Casting Machine to improve the productivity of the steel plant and also used for refining of molten steel. Minimum Pitch Circle.

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Another benefit is flexibility: During the exhibition, a great number of people were very interested in Sitong Boiler company and the boilers. Each of these torches consists of a casing provided with a nozzle and an axial tubing for feeding a plasma-forming gas either nitrogen or argonand a burnable cylindrical graphite electrode located within the tubing. Excessive refractory wear can furnacr to breakouts, where the liquid metal and slag penetrate the refractory and furnace shell and escape into the surrounding areas.

The scrap is loaded furnqce large buckets called baskets, with “clamshell” doors for a base.

Electric arc furnace – Wikipedia

The mast arms holding the electrodes can either carry heavy busbars which may be hollow water-cooled copper pipes carrying current to the electrode clamps or be “hot arms”, where the whole arm carries the current, increasing efficiency. Another major component of EAF slag is iron oxide from steel combusting with the injected oxygen.

Our team is well versed and knows the standard, which they meet during the production, packaging and supplying of these products. The transformer is installed in a vault and is water-cooled. Amateurs have constructed a variety of arc furnaces, often based on electric arc furance kits contained by silical blocks or flower pots.


Vacuum decarburization furnace VD can be used in dealing with molten steel in vacuum degassing and adjust alloying constituent and stir argon in furnacw vacuum. Charging is one of the more dangerous operations for the EAF operators.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Whilst Nucor expanded rapidly in the Eastern US, the companies that followed them into mini-mill operations concentrated on local markets for long products, where the use of an EAF allowed the plants to vary production according to local demand.

History of ferrous metallurgy List of steel producers. Fufnace steelmaking, direct current DC arc furnaces are used, with a fugnace electrode in the roof and the current return through a conductive bottom lining or conductive pins in the base.

Electro-slag remelting Vacuum arc remelting Argon oxygen decarburization. Electric arc furnaces are also used for production of calcium carbideferroalloys and other non-ferrous alloysand for production of phosphorus. The advantage of DC is lower electrode consumption per ton of steel produced, since only one electrode is used, as well as less electrical harmonics and other similar problems.

Though crude, these simple furnaces can melt a wide range of materials, create calcium carbideetc. The regulating system maintains approximately constant current and power input during fugnace melting of the charge, even though scrap may move under the electrodes as it melts.

VD furnace can be arranged furnaace single set and double- station arrangment. A typical alternating current furnace is powered by a three-phase electrical supply and therefore has three electrodes. Retrieved 16 April Although steelmaking arc furnaces generally use scrap steel as their primary feedstock, if hot metal from a blast furnace or direct-reduced iron is available economically, these can also be used as furnace feed.

In a steel plant, a ladle furnace LF is used to maintain the temperature of liquid steel during processing after tapping from EAF or to change the alloy composition.


For VIM-VAR steels, the surface of the cooled electrodes must be ground to remove surface irregularities and impurities before the next vacuum remelt. These layers should be present in the furnace after charging. Supersonic nozzles enable oxygen jets to penetrate foaming slag and reach the liquid bath. In a VAR furnace the steel gradually melts drop-by-drop in the vacuum-sealed chamber.

The electrodes solidify under vacuum. Contact For Free Shipping. This tightly controlled melt often requires up to 24 hours. More slag formers are introduced and more oxygen is blown lrg the bath, burning out impurities such as siliconsulfurphosphorusaluminiummanganeseand calciumand removing their oxides to the slag.

Ladle Refining Furnaces (LRF)

Separate from the furnace structure is the electrode support and electrical system, and the tilting platform on which the furnace rests. In the 19th century, a number of men had employed an electric arc to melt iron.

Additional chemical energy is provided by injecting oxygen and carbon into the furnace; historically this was done through lances hollow mild-steel tubes [9] in the slag door, now this is mainly done through wall-mounted injection units that combine the oxygen-fuel burners and the oxygen or carbon injection systems into one unit.

The ladle is used for the first purpose when there is a delay later in the steelmaking process. This pattern was also followed globally, with EAF steel production primarily used for long products, while integrated frnace, using blast furnaces and basic oxygen furnacesldf the markets for “flat products”— sheet steel and heavier steel plate.

Industrial Furnace Ladle Metallurgy Furnace.